Brain Disorders

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rain disorders result from damage typically caused by genetics, congenital diseases, tumors or traumatic injury. Any of the five senses, the nervous system, cognitive function, motor function, and personality may be affected by the location and type of brain disorder. Structural problems in the brain can be identified by angiogram, CT scan, PET or MRI imaging.

Structural Deformities In The Brain

The cerebellum controls the body’s balance. It is located just above the outlet of the skull called the foramen magnum. However, when part of the cerebellum structure is malformed underneath or protrudes into the foramen magnum, it is called a Chiari Malformation (CM). A CM disorder puts pressure on the brain stem and cerebellum, causing symptoms that vary in the level of severity and intensity. Headaches are a common symptom of CM. This brain disorder occurs 1 in every 1,000 births. Symptoms may arise in adolescence, adulthood, or as a consequence of diagnosing a different disorder.

Understanding Intracranial Hypertension (False Tumors)

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) also known as benign intracranial hypertension (BIH) or pseudotumor cerebri (false tumor) is a brain disorder that occurs primarily in adult women. It is due to a buildup of cerebrospinal fluid pressure causing symptoms similar to that of a brain tumor. These symptoms include headaches and gradual loss of vision which can lead to blindness. There are many risk factors associated with this condition including obesity, medications, and diseases including but not limited to anemia, lupus, Addison’s disease, polycystic ovary syndrome, sleep apnea, and uremia.

Hydrocephalus Is Discovered At Birth

Hydrocephalus is commonly referred to as “water on the brain”. This is a congenital disorder caused by obstructive malformations in the brain.  Excessive cerebrospinal fluid buildup can hinder physical and mental development as well as cause permanent brain damage. This condition is not compatible with life and requires surgical intervention in order to survive. Effective treatment for this condition requires placing a shunt within the brain to disperse the cerebrospinal fluid to areas of the body where it will be absorbed.

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Causes Dementia

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a brain disorder that affects over 700,000 Americans. NPH is known to cause dementia in adults over age 60.  Though NPH can cause dementia, it is one of the few conditions that can also be reversed. Symptoms of this condition include dementia, impaired bladder control, and problems walking.

Trigeminal Neuralgia Causes Chronic Facial Pain

Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic pain condition in which any mild stimulation of touching the face causes intense pain. This is caused by  disorders affecting the trigeminal nerve, which controls sensations on the face. This condition is most often experienced by woman over 50 and can be managed by noninvasive injections and medications.

Brain disorders can affect any of the five senses, the nervous system, cognitive function, motor function, and personality.

NJSG Brain Neurosurgeons Provide Cerebral Care Throughout New Jersey

North Jersey Spine Group (NJSG) is an outcome-based practice. Through a practical approach, our doctors educate each patient on their specific disorder and determine an effective treatment plan for the best possible outcome. NJSG combines board-certified brain neurosurgeons, physiatrists, pain management, and physical therapists in their continuum of care. Offering multiple locations throughout Essex County to Sussex County including towns such as Hackensack, Garfield, Landing, patients spanning northern NJ trust the award-winning team to demonstrate the highest level of care and compassion for each brain disorder case. Individuals are welcome to contact North Jersey Spine Group for their evaluation of their condition.

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